3 : Frederick Douglass in Scotland
Scotland as a nation and Edinburgh as a city are at the heart of Frederick Douglass’s journey from slavery to freedom. Born into chattel slavery as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Maryland USA, he risked his life to make his escape in 1838 and with the financial support of a free woman, Anna Murray, his bride-to-be. Taking his surname in freedom from the hero of Walter Scott's poem The Lady of the Lake, he first came to Edinburgh in 1846. For Douglass, Edinburgh was important not only for its unrivalled ‘elegance and grandeur’ but for its radical egalitarianism. Douglass exalted in his new found social status: ‘Everything is so different here from what I have been accustomed to in the United States. No insults to encounter – no prejudice to encounter, but all is smooth. I am treated as a man an equal brother. My color instead of being a barrier to social equality – is not thought of as such.’ This map takes you to the places where Frederick Douglass lived, held meetings and gave speeches during his antislavery campaign in Edinburgh.
Tap the map markers or scroll through the sidebar to zoom in to locations.
1. Brighton Street Church
2. South College Street Church, 11a South College Street
3. York Temperance Hotel, 19 Nicolson Street
5? Waterloo Rooms, 29 Waterloo Place
4. Regent Road
6. Rose Street Chapel, 19 Rose Street
7. Music Hall, Assembly Rooms, 54 George Street
8. Queen Street Hall, 5 Queen Street
9. 45 Melville Street
10. 33 Gilmore Place
- Content for the maps principally gathered by Professor Celeste Marie-Bernier, with assistance from Nick Batho and Dr. Andrew Taylor.
- Map viewers created by Chris Fleet at NLS using open-source tools; code available on Github for onward re-use.
- The maps also form part of the Strike For Freedom: Slavery, Civil War and the Frederick Douglass Family in the Walter O Evans Collection treasures display (Thurs 4 October 2018 to Sat 16 February 2019) in the National Library of Scotland, George IV Bridge, curated by Dora Petherbridge, Sarah Wilmott and Professor Celeste-Marie Bernier with Dr. Andrew Taylor.
- Site design/graphics and map viewer integration by Ann Harrison and David Oulton, Digital Innovation Team, CAHSS